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Metalworking and forms of metal

anvil

noun

a metal block on which a blacksmith shapes metal objects with a hammer

bar

noun

a long narrow piece of metal

beat

verb

to hit a piece of metal with a special hammer in order to make it thinner

blacksmith

noun

someone whose job is to make things out of metal

bullion

noun

gold or silver in the form of solid blocks

burnish

verb

to rub metal until it shines

chase

verb

to decorate metal using a special tool

crucible

noun

a container used for heating substances or melting metals at very high temperatures

ct.

abbreviation

carat

deposit

noun

a layer of a metal or another substance that has formed in soil or rock

electroplate

verb

to cover a metal object with a thin layer of another metal, especially silver or gold, using electricity

filigree

noun

delicate patterns made from thin gold or silver wire, used as decoration

filings

noun

very small pieces of metal that have been removed from a larger piece

forge

verb

to heat metal until it is soft, then hit it with a hammer or pour it into a mold to form different shapes

forge

noun

a place where metal is heated until it is soft, and then hit with a hammer or poured into a mold to form different shapes

foundry

noun

a factory where metal or glass is heated and made into different objects

gild

verb

to cover a surface with a very thin layer of gold

gilt

noun

a thin layer of gold or something like gold, used for decorating objects

gold dust

noun

gold in the form of a powder

gold leaf

noun

gold in the form of thin sheets, used for covering the surface of objects

hallmark

noun

an official mark on an object made of gold or silver, showing the quality of the metal and when and where the object was made

ingot

noun

a block of gold, silver, or other metal

ironwork

noun

something made of iron, especially something such as a gate or fence

karat

noun

a unit for measuring how pure gold is. The purest gold is 24 karats

leaf

noun

metal, especially gold or silver, in very thin sheets, used as a decoration

melt down

to heat a metal until it becomes liquid, especially in order to make something new from it

metal

noun

used about something that is made of metal

metal fatigue

noun

loss of strength in something made of metal that could cause it to break

metalwork

noun

the skill of making things out of metal

metalwork

noun

metal objects, or the metal parts of something

mill

verb

to shape or polish metal (=make it shine) using a machine

nugget

noun

a rough lump of gold or other metal as it is found in the earth

pewter

noun

objects made of pewter

plate

noun

a thin layer of silver or gold that covers a less valuable metal to improve its appearance

plate

verb

to cover a metal object with a thin layer of gold or silver

plate

verb

to protect something with a piece of metal

plating

noun

a thin layer of metal, especially silver or gold, that covers a metal object

sheet metal

noun

metal that has been cut into large thin pieces

silver plate

noun

a thin layer of silver covering the outside of an object

silversmith

noun

someone whose job is to make things out of silver

smelt

verb

to heat rock in order to remove the metal that it contains

smithy

noun

a place where iron objects are made and repaired by a blacksmith

solder

noun

a soft metal that becomes liquid when heated and is used for joining two other metal surfaces together

solder

verb

to join two metal surfaces together using solder

temper

verb

to make steel hard by heating it and then making it cold

verdigris

noun

a green or green-blue substance that appears on the metal copper as a result of a reaction to the air

weld

verb

to join two pieces of metal by heating them and pressing them together, or to become joined by this process

weld

noun

an act of welding, or the place where two pieces of metal are welded

welder

noun

someone whose job is to weld metal

wire

noun

a long thin piece of metal like a thread

wired

adjective

containing wire

wiring

noun

wire

armor-plating

noun

electroplating

noun

metallurgist

noun

steelworker

noun

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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