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Medical tests and examinations

amniocentesis

noun

a test carried out on liquid taken from a pregnant woman’s womb in order to find out if the baby has any medical problems

autopsy

noun

a medical examination of a dead person’s body to find out why they died

biopsy

noun

a medical test in which cells are taken from your body and examined to find out if they are healthy

blood test

noun

a medical test in which a small amount of blood is taken from someone and tested to see if it shows any disease, drugs, etc. in the body

CAT scan

noun

a medical test in which computer technology is used for producing an image of the inside of a part of your body, or the image that is produced in this way

cervical smear

noun

a Pap smear

check

noun

an examination of someone to find out whether they are healthy

checkup

noun

an examination by a doctor or dentist to check that you have no problems

CT scan

noun

a CAT scan

diagnosis

noun

a statement about what disease someone has, based on examining them

EEG

noun

electroencephalogram: a medical test of electrical activity in the brain

exam

noun

a medical examination

examination

noun

an occasion when a doctor looks carefully at someone’s body to make certain they are healthy

false positive

noun

the result of a medical, chemical, or biological test that shows something such as a particular substance exists but is incorrect

mammogram

noun

a photograph of a woman’s breast taken using X-rays in order to discover whether she has breast cancer

mammography

noun

the process of x-raying a woman’s breast in order to discover whether she has breast cancer

medical

noun

a complete physical examination of your body by a doctor

medical examination

noun

a physical examination

MRI scan

noun

a medical test in which images are made of the organs inside your body, or the image that is produced in this way. MRI is a short form of magnetic resonance imaging.

Pap smear

noun

a medical test in which cells are taken from a woman’s cervix to check for cancer. The British word is cervical smear.

PET scan

noun

a medical test which uses radiation and computer technology to produce detailed three-dimensional images showing how well tissues inside the body are working, or an image that is produced in this way. PET is a short form of positron emission tomography.

physical

noun

a physical examination

physical examination

noun

a medical examination to find out whether someone is healthy enough to do something such as a particular job

positive

noun

a medical test result that shows someone has the disease or condition that was tested for. A false positive is a result that shows you have a disease or condition when you really do not have it.

postmortem

noun

a medical examination of a dead body to find out why the person died

preventive medicine

noun

medical examinations, treatments, advice, etc. intended to prevent illness or discover it before it becomes serious

scan

noun

a medical test that uses a special piece of equipment to produce a picture of the inside of your body

scan

noun

a medical test that uses a special piece of equipment to produce a picture of a developing baby inside a pregnant woman

screening

noun

tests done to check someone for a particular disease

self-examination

noun

the process of checking parts of your own body for signs of disease

smear test

noun

a Pap smear

stress test

noun

a test that is used to find out if a person has a particular health problem

swab

noun

a small amount of a substance that has been removed from someone’s body with a swab

test

noun

an examination of a part of your body or of a substance taken from your body

tracing

noun

a process in which a substance is passed through someone’s body to show where a problem is

ultrasound

noun

a way of producing an image of an organ inside someone’s body using sound waves

workup

noun

a series of tests to find out if someone has medical problems

X-ray

noun

a picture of the bones or organs inside someone’s body taken using X-rays

sandwich generation

a generation … who are balancing working life with caring for both their teenage children and elderly parents

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

dish

to gossip or share personal information with someone …

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