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Instructions and annotations in music

adagio

adverb

slowly: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

allegro

adverb

quickly: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

andante

adverb

at a fairly slow speed: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

arr.

abbreviation

arranged by: used to show that someone has changed a piece of music that someone else wrote

bar

noun

a measure of music

bar line

noun

in printed music, an upright line that separates the bars of a piece of music

bass clef

noun

the symbol used at the beginning of a line of music to show that the notes following it are to be played at the lower end of the instrument’s range

clef

noun

a symbol written at the beginning of a line of music to show the pitch of the notes

con amore

adverb

in music, an instruction that a piece should be played or sung in a gentle way that expresses love

con brio

adverb

in music, an instruction that a piece should be played or sung in a lively and enthusiastic way

con sordino

adverb

in music, an instruction that a piece should be played using a mute (=an object that makes an instrument produce less sound)

diminuendo

noun

an instruction to play a section of music more and more quietly

double flat

noun

the symbol for this note

double sharp

noun

the symbol for this note

f.

abbreviation

forte

flat

noun

a written symbol ♭ for showing that you must play or sing a note a halftone lower

forte

adverb

loudly: as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

fortissimo

adverb

very loudly: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

key signature

noun

the symbols that are printed at the beginning of a piece of music to show the key in which the music is played

largo

adjective, adverb

in a slow and serious way: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

measure

noun

any of the sections that a line of printed music is divided into, separated from each other by upright lines. The British word is bar.

mezzo

adverb

used for saying that a piece of music should be played fairly loud, soft, etc. but not very loud, soft, etc.

molto

adverb

very: used in instructions saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

music

noun

a book or sheet of paper with music printed on it, used by a performer

natural

noun

a musical note that is not a sharp or a flat, or the written sign showing this

notation

noun

a set of written signs or shapes that are used in something such as music or mathematics

p.

abbreviation

piano

pause

noun

a mark over a musical note that shows the note should last for longer than usual

pianissimo

adverb

very quietly: used in instructions saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

piano

adjective, adverb

quietly: used as an instruction saying how a piece of music should be played or sung

repeat

noun

a particular passage of music played again, or the symbol that tells a musician to do this

rest

noun

a symbol written on a piece of music showing how long this pause is

score

noun

a written copy of a piece of music

sharp

adjective

used for showing that a musical note should be played or sung a half step higher than usual

sharp

noun

the symbol # used for showing a sharp note

sheet music

noun

music printed on pages that do not form part of a book

slur

noun

a line written above musical notes to show that there should be no pause between them

staff

noun

the set of lines on which music is written

stave

noun

a set of lines on which music is written

step

noun

an amount equal to two half steps by which a musical note is higher or lower than another note

tempo

noun

the speed at which music is played or sung

time

noun

the speed at which a piece of music is played, measured as the number of beats in each bar

time signature

noun

two numbers at the beginning of a line of music that tell you how many beats there are in a measure

tonality

noun

the use of a particular key for writing a piece of music

treble clef

noun

the symbol used at the beginning of a line of music to show that the notes following it are to be played at the upper end of the instrument’s range

vivace

adjective, adverb

music that is vivace is played in a lively manner

adagio

adjective

allegro

adjective

andante

adjective

forte

adjective

fortissimo

adjective

emoji

a small digital image … which is used in electronic communication to express emotion or other simple concepts

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

major on (doing) sth

to have or do a lot of something; to focus on a particular thing

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