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General words for climate and the weather

weather

noun

the conditions that exist in the atmosphere relating to temperature, precipitation (=rain, snow, etc.), and other features

climate

noun

the type of weather that a country or region has

spell

noun

a period when there is a particular type of weather

zone

noun

one of the large areas that the world is divided into according to its temperature

meteorology

noun

the scientific study of weather

seasonal

adjective

appropriate or typical of the time of year it is now

temperate

adjective

a temperate climate or region is never extremely hot or extremely cold

climatic

adjective

relating to the climate of a country or region

weather forecast

noun

a report on likely weather conditions for a period of time in the future

barometer

noun

a piece of equipment that shows you what kind of weather to expect. It measures atmospheric pressure.

creep

used with other nouns to describe the unexpected and often unwanted effects of a particular situation or trend

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sandwich woman

a woman in middle age who has to juggle caring for teenage children and ageing parents with a career

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