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Disability and people with disabilities

accessible

adjective

an accessible place or building is suitable for use by disabled people

ataxia

noun

the loss of the ability to control the movements your body makes

the blind

adjective

people who cannot see

challenged

adjective

unable to do particular things without difficulty because of being disabled in some way

developmental disability

noun

a condition that prevents someone from learning basic skills as quickly or easily as other people

disability

noun

a condition in which someone is not able to use a part of their body or brain properly, for example because of an injury

disabled

adjective

someone who is disabled is unable to use part of their body or brain properly because of injury or disease

the disabled

adjective

people who are disabled. Some people consider this word offensive and prefer to use the expression “people with disabilities”.

disablement

noun

a condition in which someone is not able to use a part of their body or brain properly because of injury or disease

dumb

adjective

permanently unable to speak. This word is now usually considered offensive. The more usual word is speech impaired.

handicap

noun

a physical or mental injury or illness that is severe and permanent. This word is now considered offensive and it is more polite to say that someone has a disability

handicapped

adjective

someone who is handicapped has a permanent injury, illness, or other problem that makes them unable to use their body or mind normally. This word is now considered offensive and it is more polite to say that someone is learning disabled, visually impaired, hearing impaired, or simply disabled.

the handicapped

adjective

people who are disabled. This is now considered offensive and it is more polite to say people with disabilities.

impaired

adjective

if your body’s ability to do something is impaired, you are not fully able to do it

impairment

noun

the fact that a part of your body is unable to do something fully

impediment

noun

a physical or psychological problem that affects how well someone can do something

invalid

noun

relating to someone who is sick or injured, especially permanently

lame

adjective

used for describing someone who is disabled because their leg or foot is damaged. This word is now considered offensive.

learning disability

noun

a condition that affects someone’s ability to speak, read, write, or organize information, even though they are able to learn and use other basic skills as quickly or easily as other people

learning-disabled

adjective

affected by a medical condition such as dyslexia or dyspraxia that causes difficulties with reading, spelling, and some other basic skills

locked-in syndrome

noun

a condition in which a patient is awake and aware but cannot move or speak because almost all the muscles in the body except for the eyes are paralyzed

mute

adjective

not able to speak

mute

noun

someone who is not able to speak

the Paralympics

an international sports event for people with physical disabilities that takes place every four years

paralysis

noun

the loss of the ability to move your body or a part of it, usually because of an injury or illness

paralytic

adjective

affected by paralysis

paralyzed

adjective

unable to move your body or part of it, usually because of an illness or injury

paraplegic

noun

someone who is affected by paraplegia

physically challenged

adjective

disabled in a way that prevents you from using part of your body properly

quadriplegic

adjective

someone who is quadriplegic has an illness or injury that makes them permanently unable to move their body below their neck

retarded

adjective

an old-fashioned word for someone who has not developed mentally as much as most other people of the same age. This word is now considered offensive.

special education

noun

educational services for people with disabilities and people who have difficulty learning at the usual rate

special needs

noun

the particular needs of people who have physical or mental disabilities

special needs

noun

relating to people who have special needs, or to the things that are provided for them

the Special Olympics

a series of international sports competitions for people who have learning disabilities

wheelchair

noun

a chair with large wheels that someone who cannot walk uses for moving around

ataxic

adjective

blindness

noun

lameness

noun

muteness

noun

paraplegic

adjective

quadriplegic

noun

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

BuzzWord Article

Open Dictionary

boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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