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Building materials

adobe

noun

earth mixed with straw, used for making bricks to build houses

aggregate

noun

sand or small stones used for making concrete (=material used for building)

asbestos

noun

a substance that does not burn easily that was used in building materials in the past. It is now known to cause cancer and is no longer used.

bitumen

noun

a black sticky substance made from petroleum, used for making roads and covering roofs

board

noun

a long thin flat piece of wood, used especially for making floors and other parts of buildings

boarding

noun

boards joined together to make something such as a floor or a fence

brick

noun

a block used for building walls and other structures

brick

noun

bricks used as a building material

brownstone

noun

a type of red-brown stone, often used for building

caulk

noun

a substance that you use for caulking something

cement

noun

a gray powder used in building that becomes very hard when you mix it with sand and water

cinder block

noun

a large light brick made from cement and cinders that is used in building

cladding

noun

a hard substance such as wood, stone, or metal that is put on the outside of a structure, especially a building, to protect it or make it look more attractive

clapboard

noun

wooden boards used for covering the outside of a building

clapboard

noun

one of these wooden boards

concrete

noun

a hard substance used in building made by mixing cement, sand, small stones, and water

daub

noun

a mixture of wet clay and straw (=dried plant stems), used for making walls, especially in the past

decking

noun

wood used for making this floor

drywall

noun

a hard substance used for making the inside wall of a building

duct tape

noun

strong and very sticky cloth that is often used for covering cracks or holes in pipes

fiberboard

noun

a hard light substance made from wood fibers pressed together to form boards, used in building

fibreboard

the British spelling of fiberboard

filler

noun

a substance used for repairing holes in walls and in wood

floorboard

noun

a long wooden board that is part of a wooden floor

girder

noun

a very large metal bar used for making the frame of a building, bridge, or other large structure

glass wool

noun

a light material made of glass fibers, used for making insulation that protects buildings from cold

granite

noun

a type of very hard stone, used especially for building

hardboard

noun

thin light board made by pressing very small pieces of wood together

insulation

noun

material used for preventing heat, cold, noise, or electricity from passing through something

insulator

noun

a substance that reduces the amount of heat, cold, noise, or electricity that can pass through something

iron

noun

a hard heavy metal that is a common element. It is used for making steel and is also used in many types of machine and building structures.

laminate

noun

a substance that consists of several thin layers of wood, plastic, glass, etc.

lath

noun

a long thin piece of wood used in building

lime

noun

a white substance used for making cement and for helping plants to grow

limestone

noun

a type of white or gray stone containing calcium, used for building and making cement

marble

noun

a hard smooth stone used for building and making statues. Marble is usually white with dark lines that are not regular in shape

Masonite

a type of board made from fiber and used for covering or building walls inside a building

masonry

noun

the bricks or stones that make a building, wall, or other structure

MDF

noun

medium-density fiberboard: a building material made of small pieces of wood pressed together to form boards, used for making furniture, doors, etc.

mortar

noun

a substance used in building for joining bricks or stones, made by mixing together sand, water, and lime

mud

noun

earth used as a building material

parquet

noun

a floor made of blocks of wood that form a pattern

paving

noun

bricks, blocks of stone, or concrete used for covering an area of ground

piping

noun

a long tube that can be cut into smaller tubes to make pipes

pitch

noun

a thick black sticky substance used on roofs and ships to stop water from getting through

plank

noun

a long narrow piece of wood used for making structures such as floors

planking

noun

planks used for making a floor

plaster

noun

a substance that is spread onto walls and ceilings to form a hard smooth surface

plasterboard

noun

drywall

plywood

noun

a type of board used for building houses, furniture, etc., made from thin layers of wood that are fixed together using glue

pointing

noun

the cement or mortar between the stones or bricks in a wall

precast

adjective

already made into the correct shape to use for building a structure

putty

noun

a soft gray substance used for putting glass in windows

quarry tile

noun

a thick tile for floors that has a slightly rough surface

reinforced concrete

noun

concrete with metal bars inside it to make it stronger

rendering

noun

plaster or cement used for covering a wall

roofing

noun

material used for making or repairing the roofs of buildings

sandstone

noun

a type of pale yellow stone used for building, made from sand that has become hard over many years

scaffolding

noun

poles and boards used for making a scaffold on the outside of a building

shingle

noun

one of many small flat pieces of wood that form the outer surface of a wall or roof

siding

noun

wood, metal, or other material used for covering the outside walls of buildings

slab

noun

a large flat piece of a hard material such as stone or wood

slate

noun

a single flat piece of slate that is used with others for covering a roof

stone

noun

the hard substance that rocks are made of, often used for building

stucco

noun

a substance used for covering walls, usually on the outside of a building, to give them a rough surface

tile

noun

a flat piece of baked clay or stone that is used for covering a roof

tile

noun

a flat square piece of baked clay or another substance used for covering a wall or a floor

timber

noun

wood used for building houses or making furniture

timber

noun

a piece of wood used for building

wattle

noun

a substance used for making walls, consisting of large sticks with small branches between them

woodblock

noun

a square piece of wood that forms part of a floor

wattle and daub

a substance used in the past for building walls, consisting of wattle covered with clay

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