without - definition and synonyms

adverb, preposition 

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Without can be used in the following ways:
as a preposition (followed by a noun): I can’t see without my glasses. (followed by the ‘-ing’ form of a verb): She walked past without saying anything.
as an adverb (without a following noun): There isn’t any butter left, so we’ll have to manage without.
  1. 1
    used for saying what someone or something does not have

    the ability to do mathematics without a calculator

    They had endured three days without food or water.

    a dress without sleeves

    do/manage/go without (=continue your life or work in spite of not having something):

    I can’t afford new trainers, so I’ll have to do without.

     Synonyms and related words
  2. 2
    used for saying that you do not have someone with you

    I can’t live without you – I want to marry you.

    If the others don’t want to come, we’ll go without them.

  3. 3
    not doing something or not happening
    1. a.
      used for saying what you do not do when you do something else

      Normally I would accept your offer without hesitation.

      without doing something:

      Liz closed the door without making a sound.

      without so much as (=not even doing something that is normally expected):

      He walked off and left me without so much as a backward glance.

    2. b.
      used for saying what does not happen or has not happened when something else happens

      an attack that came without any warning

      without someone doing something:

      Could these men have walked out of the prison without anyone noticing?

  4. 4
    used for saying that you do not have a particular feeling, or you do not show a particular quality when you do something

    We began our search, but without much hope of finding anything.

    Stephens was fined £200 for driving without due care and attention.