phoneme - definition and synonyms

noun [countable] linguistics 

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/ˈfəʊniːm/
singularphoneme
pluralphonemes
  1. an individual speech sound that makes one word different from another. For example, the ‘b’ and ‘f’ in ‘bill’ and ‘fill’.

derived word

phonemic

 

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/fəʊˈniːmɪk/
adjective