participle - definition and synonyms

 
noun [countable] linguistics 

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/pɑː(r)ˈtɪsɪp(ə)l/

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/ˈpɑː(r)tɪsɪp(ə)l/
singularparticiple
pluralparticiples
  1. in English, the present participle (‘-ing’ form) and the past participle (‘-ed’ form) of a verb, that are used for forming different tenses, in non-finite clauses, in passives, and as modifiers. For example in the sentences ‘Are you listening?', ‘After graduating she worked as a bus driver’, ‘Lunch is served at noon’, and ‘He begins the season with an injured foot’ the wordslistening’, ‘graduating’, served’, and ‘injured’ are all participles.