much - definition and synonyms

adverb, determiner, pronoun 

Your browser doesn’t support HTML5 audio

Much can be used in the following ways:
as a determiner (followed by an uncountable noun): There isn’t much time left.How much money have you got?
as a pronoun: He didn’t say much.How much did you pay? (followed by ‘of’): Much of the work has already been completed.
as an adverb (with a verb or past participle): Things haven’t changed much.A much loved member of the family. (before a comparative or superlative adjective or adverb): The exam was much easier than I had expected.Loach’s latest film is much the best thing he’s done.
  1. 1
    [usually in negatives or questions] a large amount of something

    It’s a small car that doesn’t use much fuel.

    I don’t pretend to know much about art.

    very much:

    It wouldn’t cost very much to have your old bike repaired.

    much of:

    Much of the evidence was gathered in 1991.

    too much:

    We can’t talk here. There’s too much noise.

    so much:

    He spent so much time with Claudia, it seemed as if they were never apart.

  2. 2
    used for emphasizing that someone or something is a lot bigger, better, worse etc
    (very) much bigger/better/worse etc:

    Richard’s much happier now that he’s got a permanent job.

    He had married a woman very much younger than himself.

    I can’t walk much further.

    Advisers were urging the President to act much more aggressively.

    much improved:

    Last year BP achieved much improved results.

    much the biggest/best etc (=a lot bigger, better etc than all the others):

    I got lots of lovely presents, but yours was much the nicest.

    1. a.
      used for emphasizing that people, things, situations etc are very similar
      much the same (=almost the same):

      If I’m going to a club, I wear much the same as I wear for work.

      (very) much like:

      The interior of the house was much like the outsideugly and dilapidated.

      She looks very much like her mother.

      (pretty) much as:

      The trial proceeded pretty much as he expected it would.

  3. 3
    [usually in negatives or questions] used for saying or asking whether someone does something a lot or whether something happens a lot or to a great degree

    Do you travel much?

    not very much:

    People here don’t use public transport very much.

    too much:

    The trouble with Jean is she talks too much.

    so much:

    Aunt Edie laughed so much that her sides ached.

    as much as:

    I won’t be running about as much as I usually do.

    how much:

    It’s amazing how much things have changed since we first came to live here.

    not see much of someone (=not see someone often):

    We don’t see much of Peter these days.

  4. 4
    used for saying whether someone feels something strongly or thinks about something a lot

    He doesn’t seem to care much about the children’s education.

    very much:

    It’s obvious that they love each other very much.

    be (very) much concerned/aware:

    We are very much aware of all the risks involved in genetic engineering.

See also