government - definition and synonyms


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  1. 1
    [countable/uncountable] the people who control a country, region, or town and make decisions about its laws and taxes: followed by a singular or plural verb

    The government has announced plans to raise the minimum wage next year.

    a democratically elected government

    under a government (=during the government of a particular party):

    Under the Conservative government things were very different.

    1. a.
      the members of the main political party in a parliament, or the members of the cabinet (=the group of politicians with the most important jobs) in a system with a parliament
      form a government (=choose the people who will have the most important jobs in the government):

      The party with an overall majority is then asked to form a government.

      coalition government (=in which members of different parties have important jobs in the government):

      The Social Democrat Party is threatening to leave the coalition government.

    2. b.
      [only before noun] relating to a government, especially a national government

      government employees

  2. 2
    [uncountable] the process, method, or effects of governing

    I’m not sure these reforms will necessarily lead to more effective government.