circumstance - definition and synonyms

 
 
 
noun 

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/ˈsɜː(r)kəmstəns/
singularcircumstance
pluralcircumstances
  1. 1
    [countable] [usually plural] a fact or condition that affects a situation

    The circumstances of this case are unusual.

    under/in...circumstances:

    Cancellation under certain circumstances is covered by your travel insurance policy.

    Under different circumstances she might have been able to appreciate the irony of it.

    not under/in any circumstances (=used for emphasizing that something cannot be allowed to happen):

    I would never in any circumstances dream of comparing her with you.

    Under no circumstances will we agree to splitting up the company.

    under/considering/given the circumstances (=because the situation is difficult or unusual):

    It’s amazing that they did so well under the circumstances.

  2. 2
    [countable] [usually plural] your circumstances are the conditions in which you live, especially how much money you have

    It is very important to make a will, whatever your circumstances.

    family circumstances:

    problems caused by unemployment, divorce, or some unusual family circumstances

    a change in circumstances:

    You are obliged by law to notify the agency of any change in circumstances.

  3. 3
    [uncountable] formal events and situations that cannot be controlled
    a victim of circumstance:

    Joanne has been more a victim of circumstance than anything else.