adjunct - definition and synonyms

noun [countable] 

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  1. 1
    something that is added to something else but is not essential to it
  2. 2
    linguistics the part of a clause that shows when, where, how, or in what circumstances something happens. An adjunct usually consists of an adverb or adverb group, or a prepositional phrase, for example 'moreover', 'quite happily', and 'in the near future'.