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shake

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verb shake pronunciation in British English /ʃeɪk/ 
Word Forms
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present tense
I/you/we/theyshake
he/she/itshakes
present participleshaking
past tenseshook
past participleshaken
  1. 1
    [intransitive] to make lots of quick small movements up and down, or side to side

    Houses shook as a bomb exploded in the neighbourhood.

    1. a.
      [intransitive] if you shake, your body makes lots of small quick movements that you cannot control, usually because you are cold, or because you are feeling a very strong emotion
      shake with fear/laughter etc:

      She was literally shaking with fear.

    2. b.
      [transitive] to move something quickly up and down or side to side

      An earthquake shook a wide area of southern Italy last year.

      Shake the dressing well before you put it on the salad.

    3. c.
      [transitive] to hold someone and move them quickly in order to get their attention, or to wake them

      'You're not listening!' she cried, shaking him.

  2. 2

    shake

    or

    shake off

    [transitive] to get rid of something bad such as a problem, illness, or fear

    She couldn't shake her fear of snakes.

    Synonyms and related words for this sense of shake
  3. 3
    [intransitive] if your voice shakes, it sounds weak, nervous, or emotional

    His voice shook as he asked her to marry him.

    Synonyms and related words for this sense of shake
  4. 4
    [transitive] to make something less strong, powerful, or confident

    The news shook financial markets worldwide.

    Violent conflicts between tribes have shaken the region.

  5. 5
    [transitive] to frighten someone, or to cause them to feel strong emotions

    The boy's tragic death shook the entire community.

    He was shaken and upset by the accident.

  6. 6

    shake

    or

    shake off

    [transitive] to escape from someone who is following or chasing you

    They ran into the alley, hoping to shake off their pursuers.

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