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rough - definition and synonyms

 
 
 
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adjective rough pronunciation in British English /rʌf/
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adjectiverough
comparativerougher
superlativeroughest
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  1. 1
    with a surface that is not smooth
    The walls were built of dark rough stone.
    Hessian provides warm colour and a rough homespun texture.
    Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      used about the surface of a lake, river, or sea that has a lot of waves, often because the weather is bad
      Rough seas prevented rescuers from approaching the ship.
    2. b.
      used about land and roads that are difficult to travel on
      They covered the 30 miles of rough terrain in record time.
  2. 2
    informal difficult and with a lot of problems
    I had a rough day at the office.
    a rough time: You’ve been through rough times, you know what it is like.
    a rough patch (=a difficult period): They were going through a rough patch in their relationship.
    a rough night (=a night when you cannot sleep): I feel terrible – I had a rough night last night.
  3. 3
    not gentle
    Don’t be so rough with her, James. She’s only a baby.
    Synonyms and related words
  4. 4
    a rough place is not pleasant because there is a lot of crime or violence there
    Madeline grew up in a rough neighbourhood.
    That’s a pretty rough bar.
  5. 5
    a rough drawing or piece of writing is not completely finished
    This is a rough drawing of the house I want to build.
    rough draft: Here is a rough draft for you to read.
    1. b.
      a rough idea or guess is not detailed or exact
      I don’t know the precise cost, but I can give you a rough idea.

derived word

roughness

noun [uncountable]

ruburb

an area in the countryside where there are both housing developments and farms, and many people travel to work in nearby cities

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troll factory

a company that pays its employees to write online comments in favour or against somebody or something posing as ordinary Internet users

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