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retire - definition and synonyms

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verb     retire pronunciation in British English
Word Forms
present tense
present participleretiring
past tenseretired
past participleretired
  1. 1
    [intransitive] to stop working, especially when you reach the age when you are officially too old to work
    retire from:

    He retired from the army last month.

    retire as:

    Mr Garroway retired as chairman of the historical society in May.

    1. a.
      [intransitive] to stop playing a sport as a professional player because you are too old
    2. b.
      [transitive] to force someone to leave their job, especially before they reach the age when they are officially too old to work
  2. 2
    [intransitive] formal to leave a place, position, or way of life in order to go somewhere quieter or to live a less active life

    The committee will now retire in order to discuss these issues.

    retire from:

    At the age of 83, she finally retired from public life.

    retire to:

    In the evenings, Lloyd retired to his study to write.

  3. 3
    [intransitive/transitive] to stop taking part in a game or sports competition because you are injured or ill, or to make someone do this

    He retired hurt with a bloody nose.

  4. 4
    [transitive] to remove machines or equipment from a place because they are old and no longer useful

    My printer was three years old, so I retired it.

  5. 5
    [intransitive] mainly literary to go to bed at the end of the day in order to sleep
  6. 6
    [transitive] American in baseball, to end a batter’s or team’s turn at batting by getting the batter out
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