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personally - definition and synonyms

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adverb     personally pronunciation in British English
  1. 1
    mainly spoken used for emphasizing that you are giving your own opinion

    Personally, I think we should stick with our original plan.

    I personally prefer pizza to burgers.

  2. 2
    without help, or in a direct way, rather than by a representative

    a breakfast personally prepared by a top chef

    Were you personally involved in this decision?

    I have never met the man personally.

  3. 3
    in a way intended for you only, rather than for a group of people that you belong to

    The invitation was made to me personally, not to the committee.

  4. 4
    used for emphasizing that you do not dislike someone, just something that they do or the group they belong to

    I have nothing against Sandy personally, but her family’s a bit strange.

  5. 5
    as a result of having met someone or of having a relationship with them, usually a friendly one

    I don’t know the man personally, but he used to work for my father.

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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