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participle - definition and synonyms

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noun [countable] linguistics     participle pronunciation in British English
/pɑː(r)ˈtɪsɪp(ə)l/    participle pronunciation in British English
Word Forms
  1. in English, the present participle (‘-ing’ form) and the past participle (‘-ed’ form) of a verb, that are used for forming different tenses, in non-finite clauses, in passives, and as modifiers. For example in the sentences ‘Are you listening?’, ‘After graduating she worked as a bus driver’, ‘Lunch is served at noon’, and ‘He begins the season with an injured foot’ the wordslistening’, ‘graduating’, served’, and ‘injured’ are all participles.


to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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