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near - definition and synonyms


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adjective, adverb, preposition near pronunciation in British English /nɪə(r)/
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Near can be used in the following ways:
as a preposition: I lived near the school.I’ll write and let you know nearer the time.
as an adverb: Come nearer, and I’ll tell you the whole story.
as an adjective: I went into the nearest room.A climb in the mountains led to near disaster.
in the preposition phrase near to: Pull your chair nearer to the table.
  1. 1
    close to someone or something
    A group of students were standing near the entrance.
    The tornado destroyed two houses near Tulsa.
    The shops are quite near.
    I slept in the bed nearest the door.
    They live in a small cottage 15 miles from the nearest village.
    near to: Rosa moved a little nearer to the fire.
    See also nearside
  2. 2
    getting close to a particular state or situation
    near to: Julian was near to panic as he suddenly realized that he was trapped.
    People near to retirement need to know their pension funds are sufficient.
    near to doing something: They are near to solving the puzzle.
    There were rumours that the 66-year-old leader was near death.
  3. 3
    not long before a particular time or event
    It was nearer three than two o’clock when he finally arrived.
    I had no intention of making any decision until much nearer the time.
    The incident occurred near the end of the war.
    draw near: The date of the election was drawing near.
  4. 4
    very similar to something
    What he’s saying now is near the truth, but it’s still not accurate.
    near to: My feelings were nearer to despair than disappointment.
  5. 5
    only a little less than a particular amount or number
    The temperature that day was near 30 degrees.
    The loss was near 15 per cent for the year.


derived word


noun [uncountable]
There was a lot of mist around because of the garden’s nearness to the river.


a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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