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make - definition and synonyms

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verb     make pronunciation in British English
Word Forms
present tense
present participlemaking
past tensemade
past participlemade
  1. 1
    [transitive] to create or produce something by working

    Jane made coffee while the guests were finishing their dessert.

    She makes all her own clothes.

    made in:

    This furniture is made in South America.

    make something from something:

    They make paper from old rags.

    make something out of something:

    We made curtains out of some old material we found.

    made (out) of something:

    a bowl made of metal/plastic/wood

    make someone something:

    Joan made me a beautiful dress for my wedding.

    make something about someone/something:

    They’re making a TV programme about the case.

  2. 2
    [transitive] to cause something to be formed by breaking, cutting, or tearing an object or by pushing one object into or through another
    make a hole/scratch/dent etc in something:

    Something’s made a scratch in the counter.

  3. 3
    [transitive] used with some nouns for showing that someone performs the action referred to by the noun

    Over 340 arrests were made.

    make an attempt/effort:

    Helen made no attempt to stop him.

    make a decision:

    No one wanted to make a clear decision on the project.

    make a mistake/error:

    Nobody’s perfect – we all make mistakes.

    make progress:

    We’ve made some progress, but there’s still a long way to go.

    make a change/alteration/adjustment etc:

    People can eat more healthily without making major changes to their diet.

    make a contribution:

    This study makes an outstanding contribution to our understanding of the disease.

    make a noise/sound:

    Stop making so much noise!

    make a note of something (=keep a written record of something):

    Matthew made a note of the car’s number and informed the police.

    Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      used with some nouns for showing that someone says something
      make a statement/suggestion/complaint etc:

      The minister will make a statement on that issue later today.

  4. 4
    [transitive] to cause someone or something to be in a particular state or to change to another state
    make someone do something:

    This film always makes me cry.

    make yourself heard/understood etc:

    I know enough Japanese to make myself understood.

    make something difficult/easy etc:

    The noise in the school makes learning difficult.

    make someone feel ill/sad/strange etc:

    The smell of fish makes me feel ill.

    make someone look fat/thin/younger etc:

    That haircut makes you look ten years younger.

    make someone happy/sad/angry etc:

    Listening to the news just makes me angry these days.

    make something nice/pretty/attractive etc:

    I want to make the place nice for when they arrive.

    make someone famous/popular etc:

    It was television that made her so popular.

    make it clear/obvious/plain etc (that):

    I’d like to make it clear that I had nothing to do with this.

    make it known/understood (that):

    She made it known that she was the mayor’s wife.

    make someone something:

    They made him head teacher after Joanne left.

  5. 5
    [transitive] to force someone to do something

    I’m not going to apologize and you can’t make me!

    make someone do something:

    They made us work for 12 hours a day.

    They made him tell the truth by depriving him of food.

    be made to do something:

    We were made to learn fifty new words every week.

  6. 6
    [transitive] to arrange or organize something
    make an appointment/date:

    I’ve made an appointment for you with the doctor for tomorrow morning.

  7. 7
    [transitive] to earn or get money

    She makes about £2,000 a month.

    make money:

    You can make a lot of money playing the stock market.

    make a living (=make enough money to buy the things that you need):

    Can you make a living from painting?

    make a profit:

    The company made a small profit in its first year.

  8. 8
    [linking verb] to give a particular total when added together

    Four and two make six.

    1. a.
      [transitive] to decide that something gives a particular total when calculating an amount

      I make that £750 after tax.

  9. 9
    [transitive] to cause something to be successful

    It was the children’s choir that really made the performance.

  10. 10
    [linking verb] to have the right qualities for a particular job, purpose etc

    Diane would make a good teacher – she’s so patient.

    Don’t you think the novel would make a great film?

    Synonyms and related words
  11. 11
    [transitive] to reach a particular place, especially so that there is time to do something

    At this rate we won’t make Jedda before midnight.

    Dan just managed to make his 7 o’clock flight to Toronto.

    1. a.
      to be able to be present at a particular event

      We can’t make the conference after all.

  12. 12
    [transitive] to succeed in achieving something by reaching the necessary level or standard

    We’ve made our target of 10,000 sales this month.

    make a deadline:

    They’ll never make the deadline now that the computers have crashed.

    make the headlines/papers/news etc (=be important enough to be reported):

    Their search for a heart donor made the headlines in April.

    make a team/squad (=be chosen for it):

    Dawson has failed to make the team for Saturday’s big match.

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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