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it - definition and synonyms

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pronoun     it pronunciation in British English
It can be used as the subject, object, or complement of a verb or the object of a preposition.
  1. 1
    referring to something that has been mentioned
    1. a.
      used for referring to a thing, situation, place, animal etc when it has already been mentioned or when it is obvious which one you are referring to

      I can’t find my ticket. I think I must have lost it.

      Don’t do it again.

      Her dog was howling at the door, so he let it in.

      You should come to Rome – it’s a wonderful city.

      If you’d come along and support us, we’d really appreciate it.

      Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      used for referring to a baby or very young child when it has already been mentioned, or when it is obvious which one you are referring to

      Is it a boy or a girl?

      Synonyms and related words
  2. 2
    used as the subject/object of a sentence
    1. a.
      used instead of the subject of a sentence, when the real subject is a phrase or clause at the end of the sentence

      It’s nice to be home again.

      It’s strange that she never mentioned the wedding.

      It annoys me to hear people blaming everything on the government.

      It’s always sad saying goodbye to someone you love.

      Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      used after a verb in place of the object, when the real object is a phrase or clause at the end of the sentence

      The new law made it easier to get a divorce.

      I find it amazing that anyone should want to listen to such rubbish.

      Synonyms and related words
  3. 3
    used for referring to someone’s life, work, or general situation

    What’s it like in the army these days?

    He’s been having it pretty easy up to now.

    Synonyms and related words
  4. 4
    used for talking about the weather, the temperature, or the light

    It rained in the night.

    It’s a glorious day.

    It’s cooler indoors.

    It gets dark at around five.

    Synonyms and related words
  5. 5
    used for saying or asking what the time, day, or date is

    ‘What time is it?’ ‘It’s four o’clock.’

    It was nearly midnight when we got home.

    It was 1985, and Sally had just graduated from high school.

    Thank goodness it’s Saturday tomorrow.

    Synonyms and related words
  6. 6
    used for saying how large a distance is

    It’s about ten miles from here to Plymouth.

    Synonyms and related words
  7. 7
    used with the verb ‘to be’ for emphasizing that you are referring to a particular person, thing, time, or place

    It’s your brother I want to speak to.

    It was a year ago today that I started working here.

    Synonyms and related words
  8. 8
    spoken used for telling someone who you are, or asking who someone else is, especially on the telephone

    Hello, it’s me, Geoffrey.

    ‘There’s someone here to see you.’ ‘Who is it?’

    Synonyms and related words
  9. 9
    used in some expressions for referring to the thing that you want someone to do

    Stop it. You’re hurting me.

    Jump to it! There’s no time to lose.

    Get on with it.

    Synonyms and related words
  10. 10
    exactly what is needed mainly spoken
    1. a.
      an ability or quality that is needed in order to do something

      We’ll soon find out if you’re any good as an actor. Either you’ve got it or you haven’t.

    2. b.
      the quality of being sexually attractive

      She’s definitely got it – the guys are all crazy about her.

  11. 11
    very informal used for referring to the activity of having sex, especially when you do not want to say this directly

    They were together all night, but did they actually do it?

    Synonyms and related words
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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Open Dictionary

Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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