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confusion - definition and synonyms


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noun confusion pronunciation in British English /kənˈfjuːʒ(ə)n/
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  1. 1
    [uncountable] a feeling that you do not understand something or cannot decide what to do
    confusion about/over: There seems to be some confusion about who actually won.
    confusion as to: There was some confusion as to his real identity.
    cause/create/lead to confusion: These changes have just caused more confusion among teachers.
    in confusion: She stared at him in confusion.
  2. 2
    [uncountable] a situation in which things are untidy, badly organized, or not clear
    Inside the building was a scene of total confusion.
    in (all) the confusion: In all the confusion, we lost sight of each other.
    confusion reigns: Confusion reigned as officials finally tried to sort out who had won the race.
  3. 3
    [singular/uncountable] a situation in which you mistake one person or thing for another
    Could there have been a confusion of identities?
    avoid confusion: The wires are colour-coded to avoid confusion.


a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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