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condition - definition and synonyms


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noun condition pronunciation in British English /kənˈdɪʃ(ə)n/
Word Forms
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  1. 1
    [singular/uncountable] the physical state of something
    The survey will assess the condition of thousands of bridges.
    in good/bad/terrible etc condition: The house is in fairly good condition.
    1. a.
      the physical state of a person or animal, especially how healthy they are
      She’s in excellent physical condition.
    2. b.
      used for talking about how ill a person in hospital is
      His condition deteriorated overnight and he died the following day.
      in a serious/critical condition: A hospital spokesperson said the victim was in a serious condition.
  2. 2


    [plural] the situation or environment in which something happens or exists
    Demand will remain low unless there is a change in economic conditions.
    condition for: the necessary conditions for the formation of sand dunes
    under difficult/appalling conditions: The rescue was carried out under extremely difficult conditions.
    create the conditions (for something): The teacher creates the conditions that will allow the children to learn.
    1. a.
      the environment in which people must live and work
      He dedicated his life to improving prison conditions.
      living/working conditions: The project aims to provide better living conditions and health care for the elderly.
      in terrible/appalling conditions: Many of the refugees are living in appalling conditions without clean water.
    2. b.
      the weather, especially when it is bad
      The storm brought freezing conditions across much of the country.
      in wet/windy conditions: Both teams played well in difficult windy conditions.
    3. c.
      [singular] formal life and the situations that people have to deal with, especially when this is difficult
      The reforms actually worsened the condition of people in rural communities.
      the human condition: philosophers exploring the human condition
  3. 3
    [countable] something that must be true or be done before another thing can happen, especially as part of an agreement, law, or contract
    It is a condition of his release that he stays away from his ex-wife.
    meet/satisfy conditions: In order to qualify for the loan you have to meet strict financial conditions.
    lay down/impose conditions: The company is going to challenge the conditions imposed by the council.
    terms and conditions: Make sure you read the terms and conditions carefully before signing the contract.
  4. 4
    [countable] an illness or health problem that lasts a long time and affects the way you live
    heart/liver/lung condition: David has a severe heart condition.
    medical condition: Do you suffer from any medical condition?



a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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