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verb close pronunciation in British English /kləʊz/
Word Forms
present tense
present participleclosing
past tenseclosed
past participleclosed
  1. 1
    [intransitive/transitive] if you close something, or if it closes, it moves to cover an open area

    Close the door quietly behind you.

    Did the fridge door close completely?

    I was just closing my eyes to go to sleep when the phone rang.

    Her mouth closed after a moment and she said nothing.

    1. a.
      [transitive] to move together the parts of something that was spread to its full size

      Nick closed his book and put it down.

      Closing the umbrella, she ran for the car.

  2. 2
    [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business at regular times or temporarily

    We close the office at noon on Fridays.

    Snow forced both airports to close.

    close for:

    We will close for stocktaking next week.

    close on:

    The Blue Café closes on Mondays.

    1. a.



      close down

      [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business or operating permanently

      The government plans to close 10 coal mines.

      Small shops are closing because of competition from the large chains.

  3. 3
    [transitive] to stop people or vehicles from entering or leaving a place, using a road etc

    They have closed their border with Albania.

    close something to something:

    There is a proposal to close the park to traffic.

    close something for something:

    The bridge will have to be closed for repairs.

  4. 4
    [intransitive/transitive] if something such as a discussion, activity, or event closes, or if you close it, it ends

    Can we close this matter and move on?

    Her latest Broadway show closed after only three performances.

    close with:

    The letter closes with an appeal for money.

    close something by doing something:

    He closed the meeting by thanking everyone for coming.

    close a case (=end an investigation):

    The police are closing the case because of a lack of evidence.

  5. 6



    close up

    [intransitive/transitive] to reduce the distance or difference between people or things
    close on:

    Williams was leading but the other runners were closing on him fast.

    close the gap between:

    Closing the gap between rich and poor would help to improve the health of the nation.

  6. 7
    [transitive] to stop having an account with a bank, shop etc

    We closed our bank account and opened a new one online.

  7. 9
    [intransitive/transitive] to put or have your fingers, hands, or arms around someone or something
    close around/over:

    Her hand closed tightly over his.



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a derogatory word used for referring to people in the banking and investment industry who are thought of as taking serious risks in order to increase their own earnings …

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