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claim - definition and synonyms

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verb     claim pronunciation in British English
Word Forms
present tense
present participleclaiming
past tenseclaimed
past participleclaimed
  1. 1
    [transitive] to say that something is true, even though there is no definite proof
    claim (that):

    The report claimed that hundreds of civilians had crossed the border to escape the fighting.

    He claims he is innocent.

    claim to do something:

    The organization claims to represent more than 20,000 firms.

    1. a.
      to say that someone’s actions are the cause of something, especially in a court of law

      She is claiming sexual harassment against her boss.

  2. 2
    [transitive] to say that something is yours, especially as a right

    Henry VII claimed the English throne after defeating Richard III.

    Has anyone claimed the wallet I handed in yesterday?

    claim credit/responsibility/victory etc (=say it is yours):

    I can’t claim all the credit for our success.

    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] to officially ask for money that you believe you have a right to

      The back of the form tells you how to claim your refund.

      claim on (=ask for money from an insurance policy):

      Can you claim on your insurance for damage to furniture?

    2. b.
      [transitive] to officially ask for something as a right

      She claimed political asylum in 1986.

  3. 3
    [transitive] mainly journalism if war, disease, or an accident claims someone’s life, they die as a result of it

    The flood has now claimed over 500 lives.

  4. 4
    [transitive] mainly journalism to win something such as a prize or a top position in sport

    1976 was also the year Borg claimed his first Wimbledon title.

  5. 5
    [transitive] to need something such as your attention or time

    Several more urgent matters were claiming her attention.

phrasal verbs

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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