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case - definition and synonyms


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noun case pronunciation in British English /keɪs/
Word Forms
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  1. 1
    [countable] an example or instance of something
    case of: a serious case of nerves
    1. b.
      a person with a disease
      He treated several cases of severe sunburn.
  2. 2
    [countable] [usually singular] a situation or set of conditions, especially one involving a particular person or thing
    I think we can make an exception in your case.
    be the case: This was the case in the past, but now life is different.
    if that’s the case: If that’s the case, I’m not surprised he was angry.
    it is the case that: Isn’t it the case that they’re afraid of change?
    it’s a case of: It really is a case of ‘no news is good news’.
    in that case: ‘I don’t need it tonight.’ ‘In that case, I’ll keep it until tomorrow.’
    in which case: They can still agree to our conditions, in which case the bombing will stop.
    as is the case: Often, as is the case for these families, there is no other source of support.
  3. 3
    [countable] a legal matter that will be decided in a court
    a civil/criminal case
    The case involved charges of police corruption.
    a murder/rape/libel case: A number of libel cases were taken to the Court of Appeal.
    case against: He was confident the case against him would be dropped.
    win/lose a case: He would do anything to win a case.
    1. a.
      a crime that the police are trying to solve
      At least a dozen officers are investigating the murder case.
    2. b.
      the evidence and arguments that one side can use against the other in a law court
      the case for the prosecution/the defence: Mr Scott informed the judge that he had completed the case for the prosecution.
      have a case (=have a chance of winning): The lawyers told me I didn’t have a case.
  4. 4
    [countable] a set of facts and arguments that you can state for or against something
    This strengthens the case of those who argue that the UK should have a Bill of Rights.
    case for/against: There is a strong case for government intervention.
    state your case: She was being offered a chance to state her case.
    make (out) a case for something: Calvin makes a good case for this unpopular policy in his article.
    A case can be made for reducing taxes right now.
  5. 5
    [countable] a situation or person to be dealt with, often by an official
    There have been several reports of cases of neglected and abused children.
    Each social worker was assigned 30 cases.


a meal served in the evening which consists of foods traditionally eaten at breakfast

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