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Reading is taught by traditional methods here.
The palace balcony is shielded by bulletproof glass.
Every bit of lace is made by hand (=not using a machine).
By using the Internet you can do your shopping from home.
They exchanged New Year’s greetings by email.
Staff generally address each other by their first name.
The UN refugee agency is known by its initials UNHCR.
Casinos are forbidden by law to contribute to political campaigns.
In the police force we have to do everything by the rulebook.
It’s no use trying to judge 18th-century morality by modern standards.
Her performance was amazing by any standard.
Why don’t you stop by on your way home from work?
Peggy dropped by the office this afternoon.
The company grew by degrees until it controlled over 20% of the telecommunications market.
Little by little Philip got used to life on the farm.
His medical condition is continuing to improve day by day.
By and large I think the emphasis should be on recruiting the right people.
I said we’d be there and, by God, we’ll be there.
In the desert we travelled by night to avoid the blistering heat.
By the way, Jeff called this afternoon and he wants you to call him back.
This is the British English definition of by. View American English definition of by.