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background

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noun British English pronunciation: background /ˈbækˌɡraʊnd/ 
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singularbackground
pluralbackgrounds
  1. 1
    [countable] the type of family, social position, or culture that someone comes from

    students from very different backgrounds

    1. a.
      the type of career, training, or education that someone has had

      His musical background helps him a lot in his job.

      background in:

      We are looking for writers with a background in law.

  2. 2
    [singular/uncountable] the general situation in which something happens
    background of:

    The talks have been taking place against a background of increasing violence.

    1. a.
      information about what has happened in the past that helps you to understand the present situation

      Let me give you a bit of background about myself.

      background to:

      We need to know the background to the case.

      background information/knowledge/material:

      You'll need some background information on the local economy.

phrase

hostile architecture

the design of buildings or public spaces in a way which discourages people from touching, climbing or sitting on them …

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boots on the ground

a situation in which a country's armed forces are physically present in an area of conflict …

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