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assume - definition and synonyms


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verb [transitive] assume pronunciation in British English /əˈsjuːm/
Word Forms
present tense
present participleassuming
past tenseassumed
past participleassumed
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  1. 1
    to believe that something is true, even though no one has told you or even though you have no proof
    Everyone accepted she was telling the truth, although in fact this was quite a lot to assume.
    assume (that): I’m assuming everyone here has an email address.
    I think we can safely assume that he is out of town.
    assume someone/something to be/do something: I have always assumed her to be American.
    1. a.
      to be based on the idea that something is true
      This forecast assumes there will be no recession.
      This score is assumed to represent the achievement of an average 7-year-old.
  2. 2
    formal to officially start a new job or position
    He formally assumes the presidency next week.
    She has been invited to assume the role of mentor.
  3. 3
    to start to control something although no one has officially asked you to
    His first priority was assuming control of the army.
  4. 4
    to begin to have a particular quality, shape, expression etc
    The animals assumed their normal resting position.
    Time with the family has started to assume greater importance.


a fashion trend in which people intentionally wear ordinary, inexpensive, widely-available clothing

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a flower or small bunch of flowers worn on the lapel of a jacket on special occasions

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