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preposition against pronunciation in British English /əˈɡenst/
  1. 1
    in opposition to someone/something
    1. a.
      used for stating which plan, idea, or action someone opposes and thinks is wrong

      Amnesty International has campaigned publicly against the death penalty.

      I'm against all forms of censorship.

    2. b.
      used for stating who or what you are trying to defeat in a game, race, or fight

      England's World Cup game against Argentina

      The king's son died in battle, fighting against the Persians.

      the fight against drugs in our city's schools

  2. 2
    directed towards or affecting someone/something in a negative way
    1. a.
      used for stating who is harmed or affected by something

      The dictator is charged with crimes against humanity.

      Police are investigating death threats made against a prosecution witness.

      illegal discrimination against homosexuals

      count against (=cause someone to have a disadvantage):

      He's over 40, so his age may count against him.

      Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
    2. b.
      used for stating who someone dislikes or feels angry towards

      There was growing resentment among the people against their foreign rulers.

      turn against (=become unfriendly towards someone):

      Louis turned against his former ally, and withdrew his support.

      Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
    3. c.
      used for saying who is accused of doing something wrong
      accusation/charge/allegation against someone:

      Accusations of bribery had been made against the vice-president.

      Police are expected to bring criminal charges against Warren.

  3. 3
    touching or hitting someone/something
    1. a.
      touching or hitting the surface of something

      He leaned over and his lips brushed against her hair.

      I fell heavily against the bookshelves.

      Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
    2. b.
      very close to and touching something, especially so that it is used as a support

      We left Ron's bicycle propped against a tree.

      Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
  4. 4
    if there is a law against doing something, it is illegal

    The state has a law against cruelty to animals.

  5. 5
    used for stating what is causing harm or affecting someone or something

    The plants must be protected against frost until late spring.

    All the children have been vaccinated against diseases such as polio.

    Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
  6. 6
    if someone or something moves against the wind, the current etc, they face it and move in the opposite direction

    We were sailing against a strong easterly wind.

    Synonyms and related words for this sense of against
  7. 7
    if something appears against a background, it is seen with the background behind it

    The dark ruins of the castle stood out against the evening sky.

  8. 8
    used for comparing one thing or amount with another

    This year's profits amounted to only £35 million, against £52 million last year.

    as against:

    Why is there a preference for the American system as against the British?



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