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valence - definition and synonyms

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noun [countable]     valence pronunciation in American English
/ˈveɪləns/
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singularvalence
pluralvalences

or valency     valency pronunciation in American English
/ˈveɪlənsi/

  1. 1
    chemistry a measurement of the ability of an atom to combine with other atoms
  2. 2
    linguistics the valence of a verb refers to all the phrases and clauses that typically follow it. For example, the valence of a linking verb like ‘be’ typically involves a noun group, an adjective group, or a prepositional phrase such as ‘in a muddle’ in the sentence ‘Oh dear, you are in a muddle, aren’t you?’
    See also pattern
 
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