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throw - definition and synonyms

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verb     throw pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
present tense
present participlethrowing
past tensethrew
past participlethrown
  1. 1
    [intransitive/transitive] to use your hand to send an object through the air

    I’ll throw the ball and you try to catch it.

    throw something at someone/something:

    Some kids were throwing stones at the windows.

    throw something to someone:

    Each child throws a ball to their partner.

    throw someone something:

    Can you throw me that rope?

  2. 2
    [transitive] to put something somewhere in a quick careless way

    She hastily threw her books into a bag.

    Harry had a red scarf thrown casually around his neck.

  3. 3
    [transitive] [usually passive] if a horse throws you, you fall off when it makes a sudden violent movement

    She was thrown from her horse when it jumped sideways.

    1. a.
      to use force to move someone or something

      He threw his opponent to the ground.

      The door was thrown open.

    2. b.
      to suddenly move your body or a part of your body into a particular position

      She threw herself into his arms.

  4. 4
    [transitive] if someone is thrown into prison or a similar place, they are forced to go there
    throw someone in/into jail/prison:

    Many protesters have been thrown in jail without trial.

  5. 5
    [transitive] to suddenly aim a look, smile, etc. in a particular direction

    Marco threw an angry glance at her.

  6. 6
    [transitive] informal to deliberately lose a game or competition

    He was offered a bribe to throw the match.

  7. 7
    [transitive] if you throw a switch, handle, etc., you move it up or down, for example in order to start or stop a machine

    He threw a switch and the lights came on.

  8. 8
    [transitive] to put someone or something into a bad state

    Exams always threw her into a panic.

    throw something into confusion/chaos/disarray/turmoil:

    A single computer problem can throw the whole office into chaos.

    1. a.
      if something throws you, it makes you surprised or confused because you did not expect it

      The news has completely thrown me.

      throw someone off balance:

      The sudden question threw her off balance.

  9. 9
    [transitive] if you throw something such as questions, ideas, comments, etc. at someone, you suddenly ask them or mention them

    They stood in the street throwing insults at each other.

  10. 10
    [transitive] if something throws light or shadows somewhere, it makes light or shadows appear there
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