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this

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adverb, determiner, pronoun American English pronunciation: this /ðɪs/
This can be used in the following ways:
as a determiner (followed by a noun): He gave me this diamond ring.
as a demonstrative pronoun (without a following noun): This is the photograph you asked for.
as an adverb (before an adjective, adverb, or "much"): It's a long time since I felt this good.
 
  1. 1
    plural these
    used when you are referring to a particular person, thing, fact, etc. that has just been mentioned, or when it is obvious which one you are referring to

    Sometimes there's flooding, and this is why no one wants to live here.

    Based on Edith Wharton's novel, this latest film stars Gillian Anderson.

    Robbery, rape, drug dealing – these are just some of the crimes that are on the increase.

  2. 2
    mainly spoken used for referring to the particular thing that you are going to talk about

    Now, this is what I want you to do, so listen carefully.

  3. 3
    plural these
    the one that is here
    1. a.
      used for referring to something that you are wearing, holding, or showing

      I bought these shoes in Italy.

      I brought this book to show you.

    2. b.
      used for referring to the place that you are in

      This large room where we're standing now is the banqueting hall.

      This is where I catch the bus.

    3. c.
      used for referring to the thing that is nearest to you, especially when you are pointing to it

      This is my towel and that's yours.

      These oranges are really expensive.

  4. 4
    plural these
    the present one
    1. a.
      used for referring to the present time

      I don't get much spare time these days.

      Why haven't you called me before this?

      I'm going to be away all this week.

      this morning/afternoon/evening (=the morning/afternoon/evening of today):

      Benson was late again this morning.

    2. b.
      plural these
      used for referring to something that is happening or to something that you are doing

      Is this your first visit to Wyoming?

      In this chapter I will discuss the development of the market economy.

    3. c.
      used before the name of a particular day, month, season, etc. to mean the one that will come next

      Are we going to have enough fuel this winter?

  5. 5
    plural these
    used when you are introducing someone

    This is our new secretary, Veronica Taylor.

    These are my friends Claudia and Jack.

  6. 6
    used when you are saying who you are in a telephone conversation or on the radio or television, or when asking who you are speaking to on the telephone

    Hello, this is Kim Riley speaking.

    This is John Alvarez reporting from Los Angeles.

    Hello, is this Mrs. Baker?

  7. 7
    [often in negatives] spoken so, or to such a degree
    this good/much/far etc.:

    When you've come this far, you don't think of turning back.

    I haven't had this much fun since I was a kid.

    as good/cold/expensive etc. as this:

    It was cold in Toronto, but it wasn't as cold as this.

  8. 8
    spoken used when you use your hands to show how big something is or how much of it there is

    The grass was this high.

    There's only about this much wine left in the bottle.

  9. 9
    plural these
    spoken used in a story or a joke when you mention a person or thing without giving a name

    There was this big guy standing in the doorway.

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