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summon - definition and synonyms


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verb [transitive] summon pronunciation in American English /ˈsʌmən/
Word Forms
present tense
present participlesummoning
past tensesummoned
past participlesummoned
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  1. 1
    formal to officially order someone to come to a place, especially a court of law
    summon someone to something: He was urgently summoned to Washington for consultations.
    summon someone to do something: She has been summoned to appear in court for non-payment of taxes.
    1. a.
      to ask or order someone to come to you
      Maria summoned a waiter and ordered a drink.
    2. b.
      to ask for something that you need in an emergency
      Phone this number if you need to summon help.
      A fire crew arrived, took one look, and summoned an ambulance.
  2. 2



    summon up

    to manage to produce a quality or a reaction that helps you to deal with a difficult situation
    He couldn’t summon the strength to carry on fighting.
    She could barely summon a smile.
  3. 3
    to arrange a formal meeting and tell people to come to it
    summon a meeting/council/assembly: The bank summoned a meeting of creditors.


a fashion trend in which people intentionally wear ordinary, inexpensive, widely-available clothing

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a flower or small bunch of flowers worn on the lapel of a jacket on special occasions

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