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noun [countable] substitute pronunciation in American English /ˈsʌbstɪˌtut/
Word Forms
  1. 1
    something that is used instead of something else
    We couldn’t get cream, so we used yogurt as a substitute.
    a milk/sugar/meat substitute
    substitute for: a synthetic substitute for rubber
    Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      [only before noun] used as a substitute
      a substitute form of energy
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    2. b.
      something that people accept instead of something else, even though they know that it is not as good or as useful
      Rituals and superstitions may become a substitute for a religious life.
      a poor/inadequate substitute: Of course a pet is a poor substitute for human companionship.
      be no substitute for something (=to not be as good): Feeling sorry for someone is no substitute for love.
      Synonyms and related words
  2. 3
    linguistics American a word, usually a pronoun, that is used in place of another word to avoid repeating it
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used to describe foods which don't contain ingredients such as wheat, dairy products etc …

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Open Dictionary

red market

the buying and selling of human organs

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