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rough - definition and synonyms

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adjective     rough pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
  1. 1
    with a surface that is not smooth

    The walls were built of dark rough stone.

    Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      used about land and roads that are difficult to travel on

      They covered the 30 miles of rough terrain in record time.

    2. b.
      used about the surface of a lake, river, or ocean that has a lot of waves, often because the weather is bad
  2. 2
    informal difficult and with a lot of problems

    Oh boy, I had a rough day at the office.

    a rough night (=a night when you cannot sleep):

    I feel terrible, I had a rough night last night.

    a rough time:

    You’ve been through rough times, you know what it’s like.

    a rough ride (=a difficult period of time):

    It’s been a rough ride for us, both financially and emotionally.

  3. 3
    not gentle

    Don’t be so rough with her, James. She’s only a baby.

    Synonyms and related words
  4. 4
    a rough drawing or piece of writing is not completely finished

    This is a rough drawing of the table I want to build.

    rough draft:

    Here is a rough draft for you to read.

    1. a.
      used about an object that is not made very well, or is not completely finished

      The customers sat at rough wooden tables.

    2. b.
      a rough idea or guess is not detailed or exact

      I don’t know the precise cost, but I can give you a rough idea.

  5. 5
    a rough place is not pleasant because there is a lot of crime or violence there

    Madeline grew up in a rough neighborhood.

    That’s a pretty rough bar.

  6. 7
    British informal if someone feels rough, they do not feel well

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