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oil

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noun American English pronunciation: oil /ɔɪl/ 
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singularoil
pluraloils
 
  1. 1
    [uncountable] a thick dark smooth liquid from under the ground, used for making gas and other fuels

    The Middle Eastern countries produce most of the world's oil.

    We need to do more to reduce our dependence on foreign oil.

    Heat can be provided by oil, gas, or electricity.

    crude oil (=oil in its natural state):

    A large tanker can carry several million tons of crude oil.

    1. a.
      [only before noun] relating to this liquid

      Oil prices will probably rise again next year.

      an oil company

      China has large coal and oil reserves.

  2. 2
    [countable/uncountable] a thick smooth liquid used in an engine, so it will work smoothly

    Change the oil in your car every 3,000 miles.

  3. 3
    [countable/uncountable] a thick smooth liquid used in cooking and preparing food, and in medicines

    Cook the chicken in some oil.

    vegetable/olive/sunflower oil

    peanut/sesame/walnut oil

    cod liver oil

  4. 4
    [countable/uncountable] [usually plural] a type of paint that contains oil
    in oils:

    I prefer to work in oils.

    1. a.
      [countable] a painting made with paint that contains oil

      We saw an exhibit of oils and watercolors by local artists.

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