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labor - definition and synonyms

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noun     labor pronunciation in American English
  1. 1
    [uncountable] all the workers in a particular country, industry, or company considered as a group

    the declining demand for labor in agriculture

    skilled/unskilled labor:

    The demand for skilled labor in the building industry is high.

    casual labor:

    Hotel managers need skilled, helpful staff and can’t afford to rely on casual labor.

    1. a.
      [uncountable] the organizations to which workers belong. or their leaders considered as a group

      a meeting between management and labor

      organized labor:

      The Republican-controlled Congress has reversed many of the laws that are critical to the survival of organized labor.

    2. b.
      [only before noun] relating to or involving workers

      a labor dispute

      labor costs:

      The company is passing its higher labor costs on to its customers.

      labor unrest:

      increasing labor unrest in the car industry

      labor relations (=relationships between employers and workers):

      The agreements were hailed as “a quantum leap for workers and future labor relations.”

    See also slave labor
  2. 2
    [uncountable] work

    the traditional division of labor between men and women in the home

    The price quoted includes the cost of all labor and materials.

    1. a.




      [uncountable] formal work that involves effort, especially physical effort

      In return for his labors, he receives food and shelter.

  3. 3
    [singular/uncountable] the process by which a baby is pushed from its mother’s body when she is giving birth to it
    in labor:

    She was in labor for six hours.

    go into labor:

    She went into labor early this morning.

    1. a.
      [only before noun] relating to a woman’s labor when she is giving birth to a baby
      labor pains:

      My wife called to say that her labor pains had started.

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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