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keep - definition and synonyms


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verb keep pronunciation in American English /kip/
Word Forms
present tense
present participlekeeping
past tensekept
past participlekept
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  1. 1
    [intransitive] to stay in a state, position, or place without changing or moving
    Keep still while I brush your hair.
    People kept quiet because they were afraid.
    The kids keep cool by swimming in the river.
    I walked along the hall, keeping close to the side.
    1. a.
      [transitive] to make someone or something stay in a state, position, or place
      Keep her warm and give her plenty to drink.
      Christina kept her voice low.
      The police tried to keep the two rival groups apart.
      We want to keep the training school open.
      Why can’t we just keep things simple?
      keep someone/something under observation: The patient is being kept under observation.
      keep someone/something under control: They do not understand the importance of keeping costs under control.
  2. 2
    [transitive] to make someone continue doing something
    keep someone doing something: Sorry to keep you waiting.
    She kept me talking for forty-five minutes.
    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] used when giving directions, for telling someone to continue in a particular direction
      keep right/left/straight on: Don’t go left down Maple Road: keep straight on.
      keep on/going: Keep on until you reach the lights.
    2. b.
      [transitive] to do something many times, or to continue doing it
      keep doing something: I keep on telling you but you won’t listen.
      Keep taking the tablets.
      I keep forgetting to turn the burglar alarm on.
    3. c.
      [transitive] to make something continue to operate or exist
      keep something doing something: We need more money to keep the farm going.
  3. 3
    [transitive] to continue to have or own something
    I think we should keep this one car and sell the others.
    1. a.
      used when you allow someone else to have something
      I’ve got two copies, so you can keep that one.
      She told the waiter to keep the change.
    2. b.
      used about things that are important to you
      How can I stay here and keep my self-respect?
      Most employees will keep their jobs when the company changes hands.
  4. 4
    [transitive] to store something in a particular place so that you know where it is
    Read this letter carefully, and keep it in a safe place.
    Where do you keep the detergent?
    1. a.
      to store information by writing it or putting it into a computer
      We keep all these transactions on file.
      keep a record/keep records: Some companies do not keep detailed records.
      keep a diary/journal: Every member of the group has to keep a diary.
  5. 5
    [transitive] to control something so that it stays within a limit
    Expenses must be kept to a minimum.
    1. a.
      [intransitive] to stay within a limit
      keep within: I am trying to keep within a budget.
  6. 6
    [transitive] to do what you said you would do
    If you cannot keep your appointment, please let us know.
    keep a promise: I have tried to keep my promise.
    keep your word: He promised the family, and I think he will keep his word.
  7. 7
    [transitive] to provide money for yourself or someone else, in order to pay for the food, clothes, and other things that you or they need
    She keeps the family on two hundred dollars a week.
    keep someone in something (=pay for them to buy it): His pay doesn’t even keep the family in food.
  8. 8
    [transitive] to own animals and take care of them
    A few cows are kept to provide milk, cheese, and cream.
    I have been keeping tropical fish for twenty years.
  9. 9
    [intransitive] if food or other substances keep for a particular period of time, they stay in good condition for that period of time
    Perfume doesn’t keep indefinitely, you know.
    keep for: The cranberry sauce will keep for two weeks in the refrigerator.
  10. 10
    [intransitive] [always progressive] British spoken used for asking if someone is well
    Are you keeping well?
    How are you keeping?
  11. 11
    [transitive] spoken to delay someone
    What kept you?
    I won’t keep you long.



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