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jump - definition and synonyms

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verb     jump pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
present tense
present participlejumping
past tensejumped
past participlejumped
  1. 1
    [intransitive] to move your body off the ground using your legs

    You’ll have to jump if you want to catch it.

    jump about/around:

    I had to jump around a bit to get warm.

    jump up:

    The cat jumped up onto my lap.

    jump up and down:

    The children were all jumping up and down and cheering.

    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] to move your body over something by pushing yourself off the ground using your legs

      Tanya jumped the fence and walked across the field.

      jump over:

      I jumped over the wall.

    2. b.
      [intransitive] to push yourself, or to let yourself drop, from a place that is a short distance above the ground
      jump down:

      Don’t jump down the stairs!

      jump from/off:

      He jumped from his horse.

    3. c.
      [intransitive] to push yourself, or to let yourself drop, from a very high place
      jump from/out of/off:

      They jump from the airplane at about eight thousand feet.

      I grabbed my son and jumped out of the window.

      Some students were jumping off the bridge.

  2. 2
    [intransitive] to move somewhere very suddenly
    jump into/onto/to:

    Ella jumped into the car and drove off quickly.

  3. 3
    [intransitive] to get a shock and suddenly move your body slightly because of this. If you jump out of your skin, you get a very big shock
    make someone jump:

    The noise made her jump.

    1. a.
      if your heart jumps, it suddenly feels as if it is not beating regularly, for example because you are frightened or excited

      When he talked to me, I felt my heart jump.

  4. 4
    [intransitive] to increase or improve suddenly by a large amount

    Profits jumped by 15% last year.

    Williams jumped from 39th to 5th in the world rankings.

  5. 5
    [intransitive] to move quickly from one idea to another, in a way that is confusing or wrong
    jump from/to/back:

    The conversation suddenly jumped back to what had happened yesterday.

    jump to conclusions (=make a decision too quickly without knowing all the facts):

    We shouldn’t jump to conclusions about the cause of the problem.

    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] to move from one part of something to another part and miss something
      jump to:

      Let’s now jump to page 10.

  6. 6
    [intransitive] informal to immediately do what someone tells you to do although you do not want to do it

    He gives the orders and I’m expected to jump.

  7. 7



    jump on

    [transitive] informal to attack someone physically

    He was jumped by a gang of teenagers.

  8. 8
    [intransitive] to work in a way that is not continuous or smooth

    The screen (=the images on the screen) on this computer keeps jumping.

  9. 9
    [transitive] American to start a car by connecting it to another car
  10. 10
    [intransitive/transitive] very informal to have sex with someone, or to try to have sex with them
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