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jump - definition and synonyms


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verb jump pronunciation in American English /dʒʌmp/
Word Forms
present tense
present participlejumping
past tensejumped
past participlejumped
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  1. 1
    [intransitive] to move your body off the ground using your legs
    You’ll have to jump if you want to catch it.
    jump about/around: I had to jump around a bit to get warm.
    jump up: The cat jumped up onto my lap.
    jump up and down: The children were all jumping up and down and cheering.
    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] to move your body over something by pushing yourself off the ground using your legs
      Tanya jumped the fence and walked across the field.
      jump over: I jumped over the wall.
    2. b.
      [intransitive] to push yourself, or to let yourself drop, from a place that is a short distance above the ground
      jump down: Don’t jump down the stairs!
      jump from/off: He jumped from his horse.
    3. c.
      [intransitive] to push yourself, or to let yourself drop, from a very high place
      jump from/out of/off: They jump from the airplane at about eight thousand feet.
      I grabbed my son and jumped out of the window.
      Some students were jumping off the bridge.
  2. 2
    [intransitive] to move somewhere very suddenly
    jump into/onto/to: Ella jumped into the car and drove off quickly.
  3. 3
    [intransitive] to get a shock and suddenly move your body slightly because of this. If you jump out of your skin, you get a very big shock
    make someone jump: The noise made her jump.
    1. b.
      if an object jumps, it moves suddenly
      He banged the table with his fist and the glasses jumped.
  4. 4
    [intransitive] to increase or improve suddenly by a large amount
    Profits jumped by 15% last year.
    Williams jumped from 39th to 5th in the world rankings.
  5. 5
    [intransitive] to move quickly from one idea to another, in a way that is confusing or wrong
    jump from/to/back: The conversation suddenly jumped back to what had happened yesterday.
    jump to conclusions (=make a decision too quickly without knowing all the facts): We shouldn’t jump to conclusions about the cause of the problem.
    1. a.
      [intransitive/transitive] to move from one part of something to another part and miss something
      jump to: Let’s now jump to page 10.
  6. 6
    [intransitive] informal to immediately do what someone tells you to do although you do not want to do it
    He gives the orders and I’m expected to jump.
  7. 7



    jump on

    [transitive] informal to attack someone physically
    He was jumped by a gang of teenagers.
  8. 8
    [intransitive] to work in a way that is not continuous or smooth
    The screen (=the images on the screen) on this computer keeps jumping.
  9. 10
    [intransitive/transitive] very informal to have sex with someone, or to try to have sex with them



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a flower or small bunch of flowers worn on the lapel of a jacket on special occasions

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