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itself - definition and synonyms

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pronoun     itself pronunciation in American English
Itself is a reflexive pronoun, being the reflexive form of it. It can be used especially in the following ways:
as an object that refers to the same thing that is the subject of the sentence or that was mentioned earlier in the sentence: The machine turns itself off when it has finished printing.The civil war divided the country against itself.
after a singular noun or pronoun for emphasis: The document itself is divided into three parts.That itself is the problem.
  1. 1
    used for showing that a thing, group, animal, or baby that does something is also affected by the action or is involved in it

    It will be several months before the young bird can feed itself.

    Can the government in Freetown defend itself against rebel attacks?

  2. 2
    used for referring back to something already mentioned in the same sentence

    Roosevelt’s reforms were designed to save American capitalism from itself.

    We want to create a society that is at ease with itself.

  3. 3
    used for emphasizing that you are referring to a particular thing and not to anything else

    The problem lies in the software and not in the computer itself.

    Before we begin the ceremony itself, there are one or two things I should explain.

  4. 4
    used for saying that someone or something has a lot of a particular quality

    The nurses had been kindness itself to Leonora.

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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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