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hold out - definition and synonyms

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phrasal verb
Word Forms
present tense
I/you/we/theyhold out
he/she/itholds out
present participleholding out
past tenseheld out
past participleheld out
  1. 1
    [transitive] to hold something where someone else can reach it

    Gail held out her glass to be refilled.

    hold out your hand:

    She held out her hand to him.

  2. 2
    [intransitive] to continue to be enough or continue to exist

    How long will your money hold out?

    I wonder whether her stamina will hold out.

  3. 3
    [intransitive] to continue to defend a place that is being attacked

    We can only hold out for a few more hours.

  4. 4
    hold out hope [often in negatives] to think that something is likely to happen or succeed

    I don’t hold out much hope that they’ll come.

    Synonyms and related words
  5. 5
    hold out a possibility/prospect/promise etc. to say or show that something may or will happen

    She held out the possibility of the prisoners being released.

See also main entry: hold
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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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