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hold down - definition and synonyms

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phrasal verb [transitive]
Word Forms
present tense
I/you/we/theyhold down
he/she/itholds down
present participleholding down
past tenseheld down
past participleheld down
  1. 1
    to hold someone who is lying down, so that they cannot move

    Four people held him down.

  2. 2
    to hold something so it does not move upward

    They put a cloth on the grass and stones on the edge to hold it down.

  3. 3
    to stop prices or numbers from rising

    a deal to hold down wages and prices

  4. 5
    to prevent something from developing, or to prevent someone from doing what they want

    She proved that just being a woman wouldn’t hold her down.

  5. 6
    to stop someone from having their freedom or rights

    The regime had been holding down its people for years.

See also main entry: hold
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to manipulate someone psychologically so that they begin to question their own perceptions and memories

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Dunning-Kruger effect

the phenomenon by which an incompetent person is too incompetent to understand his own incompetence

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