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government - definition and synonyms

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noun     government pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
  1. 1
    [countable/uncountable] the people who control a country, region, or city and make decisions about its laws and taxes

    The Mexican government has announced its plans to raise the minimum wage next year.

    a democratically elected government

    federal/central government (=government for an entire country):

    The laws will take power from the federal government (=government for the whole country) and give it to state and local authorities.

    state/local government (=government for a state or city):

    The tax surplus is to be given to local governments to spend as they see fit.

    under a government (=during the government of a particular party):

    Under the Conservative government things were very different.

    1. a.
      the members of the main political party in a legislature, or the members of the cabinet (=the group of politicians with the most important jobs) in a system with a legislature
      form a government (=choose the people who will have the most important jobs in the government):

      The party with an overall majority is then asked to form a government.

      coalition government (=in which members of different parties have important jobs in the government):

      The Congress Party is threatening to quit the coalition government.

    2. b.
      [only before noun] relating to a government, especially a national government

      government employees

  2. 2
    [uncountable] the process, method, or effects of governing

    I’m not sure these reforms will necessarily lead to more effective government.

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