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former - definition and synonyms

 
 
 
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adjective, pronoun former pronunciation in American English /ˈfɔrmər/
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Former can be used in the following ways:
as an adjective (only before a noun): She still visits her former husband.
as a pronoun (after “the”): Given the choice between rose pink and olive green, I’d choose the former every time.
 
  1. 1
    used for describing someone or something that had a particular job, title, status, etc. in the past, but not now
    The ceremony honored all the former presidents who are still living.
    the former Soviet Union
    He abandoned his former career as a geologist.
  2. 2
    formal used for referring to times in the past
    Marble pillars and high painted ceilings remain from former times.
  3. 3
    formal used for referring to the first of two people or things that you have mentioned. Use the latter to refer to the second person or thing
    Both Williams and Andrews claim the property. The former insists that it was a gift.

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nanodegree

a course of study which is much shorter than a university course and focuses on the skills you need for a job, especially computer-related skills

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hypocaust

an ancient Roman system of underfloor heating, used to heat houses with hot air; from the Latin 'hypocaustum'

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