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extend - definition and synonyms


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verb extend pronunciation in American English /ɪkˈstend/
Word Forms
present tense
present participleextending
past tenseextended
past participleextended
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  1. 1
    [intransitive] to continue for a particular distance or in a particular direction
    extend from/into/over/beyond/for etc.: The beach extends beyond the horizon.
    An industrial zone extends along the river.
    an area extending from the Baltic coast to the Alps
    1. a.
      formal to continue for a particular period of time
      extend over/beyond etc.: This license does not extend beyond the end of May.
      a festival that extends over a period of weeks
  2. 2
    [intransitive/transitive] to increase the size of a building or area, especially by adding extra parts onto it
    We’re going to extend the ground floor.
    a plan to extend the cemetery
    1. a.
      [transitive] to make something include more things, areas, or subjects
      The company has recently extended its range of products.
      The course has been extended to include the history of art.
    2. b.
      [transitive] to increase the power of something
      extend influence/control: an attempt to extend their influence in world affairs
    3. c.
      [transitive] to increase the time that something lasts
      I asked if I could extend my vacation.
      Your bank might agree to extend the period of the loan.
      extend a deadline (=give someone more time in which to do something): They have agreed to extend the deadline for the completion of the construction work.
  3. 3
    [transitive] formal to offer something such as a welcome, thanks, or sympathy to someone
    We extend our apologies for the inconvenience caused.
    extend something to someone: Let’s all extend a warm welcome to our visitors.
  4. 4
    [transitive] to increase the length of something
    You can extend the table by pulling out the middle section.
    1. a.
      [transitive] to stretch out your arms or legs so that they are straight
      He stood there, his arms extended toward the horrified onlookers.
    2. b.
      [intransitive] to become longer
      Does this ladder extend?
  5. 5
    [transitive] to agree to lend someone money or to give them credit
    extend something to someone: banks that extend loans to small businesses
    Suppliers do not always extend credit to new customers.
  6. 6
    [intransitive] to affect or include someone or something
    extend to: This law extends to children under the age of 14 only.


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