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adjective, adverb, preposition     down pronunciation in American English
Down can be used in the following ways:
as a preposition (followed by a noun): She was walking down the street.
as an adverb (without a following noun): She lay down and fell asleep.
after the verb “to be”: Oil prices are down.
as an adjective: I’ve been feeling rather down lately.
  1. 1
    to or toward a lower place
    1. a.
      moving toward a lower place or position

      Someone pushed him and he fell down the stairs.

      Snowflakes floated down through the cold night air.

      Tears were rolling down his cheeks.

      We watched the sun go down.

    2. b.
      from a higher place to the ground

      Their airplane came down in a field beside the highway.

      Get down off that roof, it’s dangerous.

    3. c.
      looking, pointing, or leading to a lower place

      We paused for a moment, gazing down into the valley below.

      steps leading down to the beach

      the down escalator

    4. d.
      used for saying that you put something you are carrying onto a lower surface

      Put the box down on the table.

  2. 2
    in a lower place or at a lower level

    It was dark and cold down in the cellar.

    Your name’s farther down the list.

    down below:

    We could hear noises coming from down below.

  3. 3
    into or in a sitting or lying position
    1. a.
      moving your body into a sitting, bending, or lying position

      Why don’t you sit down and rest your legs?

      I crouched down behind some bushes.

    2. b.
      remaining in a sitting, lying, or bending position

      The headache was so bad she spent the rest of the day lying down.

      The tape has exercises you can do while you are sitting down.

  4. 4
    in a direction away from you
    1. a.
      moving or looking along a road, path, etc.

      I was walking down the street with a couple of friends.

      James looked back down the driveway to see if anyone was following him.

    2. b.
      moving or looking along a river in the same direction as the current

      We sailed down the Yellow River toward the ocean.

    3. c.
      at a point somewhere on a road, path, etc. in a direction away from you

      They live somewhere down Park Avenue.

      100 yards/2 miles, etc. down something:

      The nearest hotel is five or six miles down the main road.

    4. d.
      at a point farther along a river in the direction of the current

      There’s another bridge farther down the river.

  5. 5
    spoken at or to a place that is near you

    I’m going down to the library – do you want me to take your books back?

    I saw him down at the station this morning.

  6. 6
    1. a.
      going toward the south

      My mom and dad go down to Florida every winter.

    2. b.
      in a place that is to the south of where you are

      Newhaven is down on the south coast.

  7. 7
    when something is reduced
    1. a.
      at or to a smaller amount, lower level, etc. than before
      down to:

      House prices have come down to a more reasonable level.

      down by:

      Overall demand for heating energy last winter was down by about 10%.

      down from:

      Crime is down 15% from last year.

    2. b.
      used for saying that something becomes less strong, less violent, or less loud

      The storm had died down by evening.

      Turn down the radio.

  8. 8
    used for saying that something is damaged or destroyed and falls to the ground

    The opera house burned down in 1990.

    It’s been more than ten years since the Berlin Wall came down.

  9. 9
    used for saying that you write something on a piece of paper or in a book

    I copied down his address and phone number.

    Let me write that down before I forget it.

  10. 10
    used for saying that something is fastened or stuck to a surface

    The lid on the jar was screwed down tight.

  11. 11
    used for saying that all of a large object is cleaned from top to bottom

    We need to wash down the walls before we can start painting.

  12. 12
    when food or drink goes down, it goes from your mouth to your stomach

    Lunch consisted of a chicken pot pie washed down with a glass of milk.

    He gulped down his dinner and got up from the table.

  13. 13
    used for saying that someone has an illness
    be/come down with something:

    Poor Susan came down with flu just before Christmas.

  14. 14
    used for saying that something is given to the next generation (=people who are alive after you die)
    hand/pass down:

    The ancient creation stories have been handed down from generation to generation.

  15. 15
    informal unhappy or sad
    be/feel down:

    He’s been feeling very down since his wife went away.

    get someone down:

    All these problems are getting her down.

  16. 16
    if you are down for a particular job, it has been arranged that you will do it
    down for:

    I’ve got Tim down for babysitting on Monday night, and Jackie for Friday.

  17. 17
    if a player or team is a certain number of points down, that is the number of points they need in order to reach their opponent’s score

    At the end of the first half we were down three points.

    down by:

    The Nuggets were down by 12 at the end of the third period.

  18. 18
    if a computer system is down, it is not working
  19. 19
    used for saying how many things you have dealt with and how many more still need to be dealt with
    one/two, etc. down and one/two, etc. to go:

    Well, that’s another class over. Two down and four to go.

  20. 20
    used for saying that you pay an amount of money immediately when you buy something and will pay the rest later

    Right now you can buy the TV for no money down and six monthly installments of just $49.99.

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