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close - definition and synonyms


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verb close pronunciation in American English /kloʊz/
Word Forms
present tense
present participleclosing
past tenseclosed
past participleclosed
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  1. 1
    [intransitive/transitive] if you close something, or if it closes, it moves to cover an open area
    Close the door quietly behind you.
    Did the fridge door close completely?
    I was just closing my eyes to go to sleep when the phone rang.
    Her mouth closed after a moment and she said nothing.
    1. a.
      [transitive] to move together the parts of something that was spread to its full size
      Nick closed his book and put it down.
      Closing the umbrella, she ran for the car.
  2. 2
    [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business at regular times or temporarily
    We close the office at noon Fridays.
    Snow forced both airports to close.
    close for: We will close for our annual inventory next week.
    close on: The Blue Café closes on Mondays.
    1. a.



      close down

      [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business or operating permanently
      The company plans to close 10 coal mines.
      Small stores are closing because of competition from the large chains.
  3. 3
    [transitive] to stop people or vehicles from entering or leaving a place, using a road, etc.
    They have closed their border with Albania.
    close something to something: There is a proposal to close the park to traffic.
    close something for something: The bridge will have to be closed for repairs.
  4. 4
    [intransitive/transitive] if something such as a discussion, activity, or event closes, or if you close it, it ends
    Can we close this matter and move on?
    Her latest Broadway show closed after only three performances.
    close with: The letter closes with an appeal for money.
    close something by doing something: He closed the meeting by thanking everyone for coming.
    close a case (=end an investigation): The police are closing the case because of a lack of evidence.
  5. 6



    close up

    [intransitive/transitive] to reduce the distance or difference between people or things
    close on: Williams was leading but the other runners were closing on him fast.
    close the gap between: Closing the gap between rich and poor would help to improve the health of the nation.
  6. 7
    [transitive] to stop having an account with a bank, store, etc.
    We closed our bank account and opened a new one online.
  7. 8
    [transitive] business to successfully complete the arrangements for a business deal
    He had to lower the price to close the sale.
  8. 9
    [intransitive/transitive] to put or have your fingers, hands, or arms around someone or something
    close around/over: Her hand closed tightly over his.


a meal served in the evening which consists of foods traditionally eaten at breakfast

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a company that pays its employees to write online comments in favour or against somebody or something posing as ordinary Internet users

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