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close - definition and synonyms

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verb     close pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
present tense
present participleclosing
past tenseclosed
past participleclosed
  1. 1
    [intransitive/transitive] if you close something, or if it closes, it moves to cover an open area

    Close the door quietly behind you.

    I was just closing my eyes to go to sleep when the phone rang.

    Her mouth closed after a moment and she said nothing.

    1. a.
      [transitive] to move together the parts of something that was spread to its full size

      Nick closed his book and put it down.

      Closing the umbrella, she ran for the car.

  2. 2
    [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business at regular times or temporarily

    We close the office at noon Fridays.

    Snow forced both airports to close.

    close for:

    We will close for our annual inventory next week.

    close on:

    The Blue Café closes on Mondays.

    1. a.



      close down

      [intransitive/transitive] to stop doing business or operating permanently

      The company plans to close 10 coal mines.

      Small stores are closing because of competition from the large chains.

  3. 3
    [transitive] to stop people or vehicles from entering or leaving a place, using a road, etc.

    They have closed their border with Albania.

    close something to something:

    There is a proposal to close the park to traffic.

    close something for something:

    The bridge will have to be closed for repairs.

  4. 4
    [intransitive/transitive] if something such as a discussion, activity, or event closes, or if you close it, it ends

    Can we close this matter and move on?

    Her latest Broadway show closed after only three performances.

    close with:

    The letter closes with an appeal for money.

    close something by doing something:

    He closed the meeting by thanking everyone for coming.

    close a case (=end an investigation):

    The police are closing the case because of a lack of evidence.

    1. a.
      [intransitive] if something such as an offer closes, it stops being available
  5. 5



    close down

    [intransitive/transitive] if a computer program closes, or if you close it, it stops operating and disappears from your computer screen
  6. 6



    close up

    [intransitive/transitive] to reduce the distance or difference between people or things
    close on:

    Williams was leading but the other runners were closing on him fast.

    close the gap between:

    Closing the gap between rich and poor would help to improve the health of the nation.

  7. 7
    [transitive] to stop having an account with a bank, store, etc.

    We closed our bank account and opened a new one online.

  8. 8
    [transitive] business to successfully complete the arrangements for a business deal

    He had to lower the price to close the sale.

  9. 9
    [intransitive/transitive] to put or have your fingers, hands, or arms around someone or something
    close around/over:

    Her hand closed tightly over his.

  10. 10
    [intransitive] business to have a particular value when people stop buying and selling on a stock exchange at the end of a day
  11. 11



    close up

    [intransitive/transitive] if you close a wound (=injury or cut in your skin), or if it closes, the edges join and the skin becomes healthy again
  12. 12
    [transitive] to make a connection in an electric circuit
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