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circumstance - definition and synonyms

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noun     circumstance pronunciation in American English
Word Forms
  1. 1
    [countable] [usually plural] a fact or condition that affects a situation

    The circumstances of this case are unusual.


    Cancellation under certain circumstances is covered by your travel insurance policy.

    Under different circumstances she might have been able to appreciate the irony of it.

    In exceptional circumstances students may arrange to take examinations at other times.

    not under/in any circumstances (=used for emphasizing that something cannot be allowed to happen):

    I would never in any circumstances dream of comparing her with you.

    Under no circumstances will we agree to splitting up the company.

    under/considering/given the circumstances (=because the situation is difficult or unusual):

    It’s amazing that they did so well under the circumstances.

  2. 2
    [countable] [usually plural] your circumstances are the conditions in which you live, especially how much money you have

    It is very important to make a will, whatever your circumstances.

    a change in circumstances:

    You are obliged by law to notify the agency of any change in circumstances.

  3. 3
    [uncountable] formal events and situations that cannot be controlled
    a victim of circumstance:

    Joanne has been more a victim of circumstance than anything else.

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a lifestyle focussing on simple pleasures such as comfort and cosiness in the home, and spending time with friends and family

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a form of location that involves the underwater detonation of a bomb which causes sound waves that are picked up by ships

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