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verb break pronunciation in American English /breɪk/
Word Forms
present tense
present participlebreaking
past tensebroke
past participlebroken
  1. 1
    [transitive] to make something separate into two or more pieces, for example by hitting or dropping it

    Some kids who were throwing rocks broke several of the windows.

    break something in half/two etc.:

    Break the spaghetti in half and put it into the boiling water.

    1. a.
      [intransitive] if something breaks, it becomes damaged and separates into pieces

      Shake the snow off of the branches to prevent them from breaking.

      break into:

      The glass slipped from her hand and broke into a dozen pieces.

    2. b.
      [intransitive/transitive] if a bone in your body breaks, or if you break it, it cracks or separates into two pieces

      She broke her leg playing football.

      Older bones tend to break more easily.

    3. c.
      [intransitive/transitive] if a piece of equipment breaks, or if you break it, it stops working correctly because a part of it is damaged

      We used to have a toaster, but it broke.

      Don’t play with the camera – you’ll break it.

  2. 2
    [transitive] to fail to obey a rule or law

    If you break the speed limit, the penalties are severe.

    break the law:

    I don’t care what your reasons are. The fact is you’re breaking the law.

    1. a.
      to not do something that you promised or agreed to do

      They have started drilling for oil in the region, breaking an agreement made five years ago.

      Elliot claims that his business partner broke her contract.

  3. 3
    [transitive] to make a hole or cut in the surface of something

    The dog bit his leg, but fortunately didn’t break the skin.

    Every so often a fish broke the still surface of the lake.

  4. 4
    [transitive] to destroy someones confidence, determination, or happiness

    a campaign of violence and intimidation, that eventually broke the opposition’s will

    break someone’s spirit:

    Twenty years in prison had not broken his spirit.

  5. 5
    [intransitive] if important news breaks, it becomes publicly known

    He was back in France when the news broke.

    For some days after the scandal broke, the press couldn’t find him.

    1. b.
      [transitive] to tell someone bad news in a kind way

      I didn’t know how to break it to her.

  6. 6
    [intransitive] to stop what you are doing for a short period of time

    Why don’t we break now and meet again tomorrow?

    break for:

    OK, let’s break for lunch.

  7. 7
    [transitive] to stop a bad situation from continuing

    Everyone must work together to break the cycle of violence.

    Their goal was to break the monopoly of the state telecoms corporation.

    break a deadlock (=end a situation in which no progress is being made):

    The meeting went on late into the night in an attempt to break the deadlock.

    break someone’s hold/grip on something:

    They are determined to break the army’s hold on power.

    1. a.
      to end your connection or relationship with someone

      The party is looking to break its ties with the far right.

    2. b.
      to end a quiet or calm period, for example by talking or making a noise

      Hardly a sound broke the sleepy summer silence.

      The peaceful mood was broken by the blare of a police siren.

      Synonyms and related words
    3. c.
      to end a long period in which you have refused to talk about something

      Breaking a ten-year silence, he has talked for the first time about his wife’s suicide.

  8. 8
    [intransitive] when day breaks, it starts to get light in the morning

    The day broke gray and dull.



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